The most famous of the wind instruments in ancient Hellas was the flute(Aulos). Depending on its construction, it was called a mono (single lumen), a sidewalk (a flute played sideways like the modern flute), a diaulos (double lumen). The lumen was constructed in various sizes, corresponding to the current soprano, alto, tenore, basso voices, and was commonly used as a double lumen pair. The two ducts of the couple may have the same or different tube length. The flute was a basic instrument in all celebrations in Ancient Greece, especially at ceremonies in honor of Dionysus. In vase representations it is often seen that the lumen was fastened with a leather band that passed around the head and had an opening in the lip region.
The multi-reed aulos or syrinx, in ancient Greek language, is the well-known Pan flute. Is made of reeds of different length, in order to produce different notes, placed in a row. They stuck them toghether using bee wax. This instrument has something special. It is known all over the world, by it’s Greek name as Pan Flute. It’s mainly found in Latin America but also in many European countries, and is still played today. In ancient Greece, it was associated with the worship of the god Pan and generally with pastoral populations.
Elymos aulos is a Phrygian flute, made of cane or wood. The left pipe plays the melody, and its right is longer and functions as a drone. It ends in a curve of cow horn, that is used as a speaker. It is similar to the Tsambouna(Greek Islands Bagpipes). It is one of the many types of various that we meet in ancient Greece.